Research has shown us that there are six early literacy skills that are essential for young children to become familiar with in order to be successful readers.
These skills are:
- Vocabulary - Knowledge of the names of things. Most children enter school knowing between 3,000 and 5,000 words.
- Print Motivation - Interest in and enjoyment of books. A child with print motivation enjoys being read to, plays with books and pretends to write.
- Print Awareness - Knowledge of how to handle a book and how to follow words on a page. A child will point to the words on the page of a book.
- Letter Knowledge - Awareness that letters are different from each other. A child will know the names of letters and their sounds.
- Narrative Skills - Ability to create stories and to describe things. A child's ability to relay what happens at a birthday party or on a trip to the zoo.
- Phonological Awareness - Ability to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words. A child will hear and create rhymes, say words with sounds or chunks left out and be able to put two word chunks together to make one word.